Sunday, December 27, 2015

Writing Mini Lesson #34- Usage




    Welcome to a lesson from our Writing Mini Lesson Series!

I hope you learned a lot from our mini lesson #33 -CUPS to Edit- Capitalization. This lesson will focus on USAGE. A reminder- CUPS means Capitalization, Usage, Punctuation, Spelling.

USAGE covers the following rules:

1.  Subject-Verb Agreement
2.  Double Negatives
3.  Complete Sentences
4.  Run-On Sentences
5.  Verb Forms and Tenses


First, review the following rules:  Common Core Standards:  L.4.1.b,  L.4.1.f

1.  Subject-Verb Agreement-  Singular subjects need singular verbs, and plural subjects need plural verbs.
     A.  Singular Verbs- is, was, has, had   (Ex.  The bee is buzzing.)

     B.  Plural Verbs-  are, were, have, had  (Ex.  The bees are buzzing.)

2.  Double Negatives-  Do not use two or more words that mean "no" in the same sentence. 
     No words-  no, not, never, nothing, no where, no one, nobody

3.  Complete Sentences-  Sentences need a subject and predicate.  

     A.  Subject-  Tells whom or what-  (Ex.  My mom)

     B.  Predicate- What the subject does (helps me)

     C.  Fragment-  Missing a subject or predicate- (The pictures in the book.)

     D.  Complete-  (The pictures in the book are colorful.)

4.  Run-On Sentences-  Two complete sentences that run together.  (Tristan plays soccer they won the game.)  To correct:  

     A.  Two Sentences:  Tristan plays soccer.  They won the game.

     B.  Compound Sentences:  Tristan plays soccer, and they won the game.

5.  Verb Forms and Tenses 



Next, have students take notes in their writing notebooks.


Then correct a sample together.

 Find  8 usage  mistakes
         Crash!  Smash  Shatter!  The window peices is scattered all over the ground.   Mom was upset about the mess.  I was so worryed that our dog, Ralphie may have gotten through the window and runaway. 
          We started investigating and found many clues.  I noticeed that a  huge shelf fell and shattered the window.  Mom saw that our hot Boston Market dinner that she left out to cool was gone.  Ralphie will run in the room and was so excited   He seemmed to be licking his chops.  I squeezed him and said  There you are boy
         Then my mom looked around and questioned  “Are those footprints?”  We realizing they were not paw prints.  They were human shoe prints!   They were muddy messy and as big as giants!    My brave mom decided to follow them out the back door.  I was petrifying and my heart skiped a beat!
          The next moment, it was leading us to the shed.  I was scared.  Mom qietly creaked open the door.  My heart was thump so loud it sounded like a beating drum as I looked in.  I  jumped back.   I absolutely cant never beleive what I saw!  Was it human?
          A big burly man turned around and I thought I would pass out.  It was my Uncle Joe!  He came over to drop something off he  noticed the broken window.  He was in the shed to find tooles to cover it up.   I was so happy to see it was him that I ran over I gave him a big bear hug!   I can’t believe Ralphie caused so much commotion to get to our dinner.  What will he do next?



Answers:


 Find  8 usage  mistakes
         Crash!  Smash  Shatter!  The window peices are scattered all over the ground.   Mom was upset about the mess.  I was so worryed that our dog, Ralphie may have gotten through the window and runaway. 
          We started investigating and found many clues.  I noticeed that a  huge shelf fell and shattered the window.  Mom saw that our hot Boston Market dinner that she left out to cool was gone.  Ralphie ran in the room and  was so excited   He seemmed to be licking his chops.  I squeezed him and said  There you are boy
         Then my mom looked around and questioned  “Are those footprints?”  We realized they were not paw prints.  They were human shoe prints!   They were muddy messy and as big as giants!    My brave mom decided to follow them out the back door.  I was petrifyed and my heart skiped a beat!
          The next moment, it was leading us to the shed.  I was scared.  Mom qietly creaked open the door.  My heart was thumping so loud it sounded like  a beating drum as I looked in.  I  jumped back.   I absolutely cant never believe what I saw!  Was it human?
          A big burly man turned around and I thought I would pass out.  It was my Uncle Joe!  He came over to drop something off and noticed the broken window.  He was in the shed to find tooles to cover it up.   I was so happy to see it was him that I ran over and gave him a big bear hug!   I can’t believe Ralphie caused so much commotion to get to our dinner.  What will he do next?
    

    
Last, give your students some independent practice.



     You are welcome to use these examples in your classroom with your students!

Next writing mini lesson #34-  CUPS-  Punctuation!

Like always, 

ROCK 'N' WRITE!!!!
     If you would rather have all of the these mini lessons (over 400 pages) in one spot along with tracking forms, goal forms, prompts, practice sheets, etc, etc. Click on the pic below! Boost those test scores with a year-long writing program!





your photo name




Pin It button on image hover