Monday, September 26, 2016

Native American Crafts, Activities and Games for Kids

If you are looking for Native American crafts, activities, and games for children, you hit the jackpot!  Being that a Native American Unit is my favorite topic to teach, I've collected ideas I found not only useful, but motivating for kids of all ages.  I hope you find something exciting to use with your child or class during a Native American study!  Scroll down for all my favorite Native American tunes, games, activities, crafts and projects!







Fun fun fun!  This is a must!!!  Play Native American music during the study unit.

This first one is my favorite for many American History studies.  It is called Tunes That Teach American History.   The booklet/CD has lyrics and they are all fun and upbeat.  It gets me through a whole year of 4th grade Social Studies in South Carolina!  The events covered in this booklet/cd is Exploration, Native Americans, American Revolution, Bill of Rights, Lewis and Clark, Westward Expansion, Civil War, Underground Railroad, The Age of Invention, and Immigration.  I play it to introduce each unit by putting the lyrics on my whiteboard and playing the cd.  Then each day as we are transitioning into social studies, I play it.  Kids LOVE it!

Native American, Explorers, Civil War, Revolutionary War, Government, Westward Expansion, history music.  

Native Spirit Ah Nee Mah  This is TRADITIONAL Native American music.  It is perfect for listening while we are working.  The one titled Kiva Ceremony is my favorite!  You can listen to the samples here:
Native American music good for classrooms during a kiva ceremony, dance, rituals.



Although you can certainly do this Native American activity without reading a book, I love to start by reading the story, A Boy Called Slow because it helps students understand the reasoning behind Native American names.
a story about a Native American name.  It is great for creating Native American names with students.

Think of an animal or part of nature.  Also think of a characteristic about yourself.    Examples:  Running Thunder, Quiet Caterpillar, Brave Hawk.    Tell why you chose this name.  Since the Native Americans back in early history didn't have a written language, they often used symbols as their names.  Create a symbol for your name!  Here are some examples- Draw a picture of yourself as a Native American or create yourself as a Native American out of construction paper.  Tell your Native American name, the reason for your choice, and draw a symbol for your name.


Create a native american name and symbol using a picture dictionary.


create a native american name and symbol for the name.  Make a craft representing you as as a Native American.




 
Use a picture dictionary of symbols to create a story.  Find a picture dictionary HERE.  It is fun to write on brown paper grocery bags- crinkle them up to make them look old!



   Write a story with Native American symbols on a brown paper grocery bag.



Pick a Native American Region.  Research the tribes, homes, transportation, food, weapons, tools, crafts, customs and beliefs.  Display as a booklet, Powerpoint, mobile, poster, or another form for presentation. 


Research project on native american regions in a booklet form.

Native American homes

Research Southeast Native Americans poster with climate, religion, food, homes transportation, and weapons.



Dream catchers can be made without this book, but I like to read Grandmother's Dreamcatcher. before I start the craft.


book about dreamcatchers by Becky Ray McCain

Dream catchers are great to hang above your bed!  They catch all the bad dreams and they dissapte in the morning dew.  Leave a hole in the middle so the good dreams to sift through the dream catcher!

Supplies:  plastic plate, yarn, craft beads, craft feathers.


 
  


Steps:

1.  Cut out the center of the plate.

2.  Hold punch the rim about 1/2 inch apart.

3.  Cut a piece of yarn about 5-6 ft long.

4.  Tie one end of the yarn to any hole on the rim.

5.  Weave the yarn up, over, and all around the paper plate through different holes forming a pattern.  Leave a hole in the middle for the dream to sift through!   While weaving, place beads on the yarn.

6.  Tie a knot at the end.

7.  Cut 3 more pieces of yarn and tie them to the bottom of the dream catcher.  

8.  Place some beads on the yarn and tie a feather at the end of each piece of yarn.

9.  Cut another piece of yarn the length you need to hang it on the wall and tie it at the top of your dream catcher.


beads, feathers, plastic plates for dream catchers- Native American craftstudent boy making a Native american dream catcher with beads and feathers.

Girl student holding her finsihed dream catcher project.



I like to make totem poles when we are studying the Northwest Coast region.  Use empty papertowel centers and glue them to a base.  I used cardstock paper.  Carefully select animals that have some meaning related to you or a family member.  Write down those animals and your choice for them.  To the totem pole, add a head, wings, and 3 animal symbols.


decorating a totem pole animal Native American Northwest Coastnative american totem pole craft northwest coast

Tell the story of your totem pole!  This craft makes a great writing piece explaining what is on your totem pole and why.  In the writing, pretend you are raising your totem pole at a potlatch!   Kids love it!
creative writing totem pole native american northwest coast

Get creative and make a large totem pole!  I was fortunate to come across large rolls from the laminating machine.  We taped them together and I supplied construction paper, markers and glue.  They did the rest!
students decorate a large totem pole

I like to perform a rain dance when studying the Southwest since they had many droughts in that region!  

In a quiet circle:

1.  1st person begins by rubbing thumb and two fingers back and forth.  This is creating a "mist" sound.
2.  The next person then begins doing the same thing forming a domino effect.  Each person needs to wait their turn to PASS the "mist."
3.  When the mist returns to the first person, he/she changes to "drizzle" by rubbing palms back and forth.  This is passed around the circle the same way.
4.  When the "drizzle" comes back to the first person, they change to "rain" by patting thighs.
5.  When the "rain" comes back to the first person, they change to "storm" by stomping feet.
6.  After that round, it goes back down the list in reverse order until the storm ends.


1.  VAPUUTTA- 10-30 players

Materials Needed:  One pebble needed and something (stick) to mark a goal approximately 50 yards from the first player (leader) on each team.

How To:

Form two teams and appoint a leader for each one.  Line up facing each other with a few feet apart from one another.  The leader walks behind his teammates and secretly places the pebble in one of their hands.  The leader from the opposing team has to guess who has the pebble.   If he guesses correct, he takes the pebble to do the same on his side.  If he guesses wrong, the teammate with the pebble in his hand, goes to the far end of the line, runs, and jumps over a raised leg of the teammate now at the beginning of the line.  Now his team starts from that spot and continues to get to hide the pebble until the other team guesses correctly.  This continues until a team reaches the goal.

2.  BEAR RACE-  2 or more players

How To:
Players line up at the starting line.  At the starting signal, players run imitating a bear walking by placing feet and hands on the ground and walking like a bear.  A prize can be given for the winner and/or the best imitation of a bear.

3.  KEEPER OF THE FIRE-  3 or more players

Materials Needed:  A blindfold (ripped up shirt), Choose one of the following and supply 3 of them to represent firewood.  (real sticks, craft sticks with yarn wrapped around it, or paint stir sticks).

How To:
The "chief" will place the wood in front of the "fire keeper" who is blindfolded, sitting on knees, with hands on lap.  The rest of the players are the "wood gatherers".  The chief points to one of the wood gatherers and says, "Wood gatherers, we need wood!"  This person's object is to steal his wood without being caught by the fire keeper.  They receive one point per piece of wood collected.  Wood gatherers may not rush the fire keeper, it must be done with stealth.  The fire keeper may one remove his hands from his lap to attempt to tag the wood gatherer.




Fun fun fun!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!   If interested in having this NO PREP unit with all the necessary printables, click below.  It is currently a best seller on Teachers Pay Teachers!  A student version is also included for tablets and computers!

Native American Unit


native american unit for upper elementary kids students crafts activities writing informational text  use technology in native american unit separate file
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Tuesday, September 20, 2016

7 Ways to Teach Cause and Effect

Are you looking for ways to teach cause and effect? I love to think outside the box and find ways to teach reading skills in a variety of ways to meet the needs of all learners. I hope you find some ways that are helpful to your students!




First, offer an anchor chart.  Tell students that cause and effect is found in both fiction and nonfiction material.  In fiction, the cause-effect relationship is often found in characters.

For example, Maddie was being bullied so she didn't want to go to school.
The cause is Maddie was being bullied.
The effect is she didn't want to go to school.

In nonfiction, cause and effect relationships are used to explain many social studies and science concepts.

For example, The battle began because there was a disagreement over taxes.
The cause is a disagreement over taxes.
The effect is the battle began.




Next, offer mentor text.  Below you will see a fun example using the Nursery Rhyme, Little Miss Muffet.  Also show cause and effect in other books.  Suggestions:

Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by Judith Viorst
If You Give a Mouse a Cookie by Laura Numeroff




Lessons:

1.  Photos:  Find photos that can show cause and effect.  Show them and the casue and effect relationship.  some photos may have more than one!







2.  Interactive Notebook:  Use the flower example from the anchor chart.  Give each student a flower pattern to cut out.  Students then need to write notes on the outside and flip open a pedal to write the signal words.



3.  Matching:  Make cards with cause on one and effect on the other.  Mix them up and have students match them.


4.  Nursery Rhyme Detective-  Invite students to crack the case of finding a cause and effect in a Nursery Rhyme!  They will love it!  You can either have them research on their own or provide nursery rhymes for them to crack open!

  


5.  Student Samples with Illustrations-  Students need to create their own cause and effect sentences and identify the cause and effect.  Illustrating them is always motivating too!



6.  Practice Page with Color-Coding-  Allow students to use two different color crayons, pens, or pencils- even highlighers- when finding the cause and effect in a sentence.  Not only is it more motivational for them, it makes for easy grading!



7.  Task Cards-  Who can't use task cards?  Task cards can be used with any board game, in a center, or for reteaching!




I hope you found something to use in your classroom!  All of these ideas and more are included in my Cause and Effect study unit!

     







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